Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-14

Maximizing learning and creativity: Understanding psychological safety in simulation-based learning

Department of Emergency Medicine, Singapore General Hospital; Duke NUS Graduate Medical School; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore; Sing Health Duke NUS Institute of Medical Simulation; World Academic Council in Emergency Medicine, Singapore

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Fatimah Lateef
Department of Emergency Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, 169608
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JETS.JETS_96_19

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Psychological safety refers to the belief that one can express oneself without fear of the negative consequences or feedback that their speech, comment, or action might generate. It is about the willingness of learners or workers in an organization, in expressing themselves physically, cognitively, and emotionally. Psychological safety is very dynamic and will continue to evolve and change, with the interplay of a variety of external and internal factors affecting the individual, the organization, or the community. It is also closely linked to the culture in the organization, the institution, or the department. It has become a new norm, especially in high-frequency, high-intensity, and high-performance institutions and workplaces, that psychological safety must be mainstreamed and should not be just an incidental element. It also serves as a foundation for effective learning. When people feel safe and comfortable, they are more open to development, growth, and negotiating change. This is a current opinion piece by the author, who is the Director of The SingHealth Duke NUS Institute of Medical Simulation in Singapore. This is the largest and most comprehensive facility in Singapore, which is also the largest in South-East Asia. It has accreditation by the Society for Simulation in Healthcare. The paper is unique in sharing the perspectives of psychological safety in simulation-based education as well as many of the issues related to culture, which can trump strategy. Characteristics and attributes for facilitators, team training and dynamics, as well as the issue of power and hierarchy are also addressed.

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