Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-60

Tracheal rupture related to endotracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inha University, College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ji Hye Kim
Department of Emergency Medicine, Inha University Hospital, 27, Inhang-ro, Jung-gu, Incheon 22332
South Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JETS.JETS_34_18

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Postintubation tracheal rupture is rare, but serious. Emergency intubation is often conducted during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and the risk of postintubation tracheal rupture can be increased during CPR. We describe here a case of postintubation tracheal rupture in a 65-year-old female who was transferred from another hospital after CPR. Postintubation tracheal rupture in this case is thought to have been related to malposition of the endotracheal tube (ETT), elevation of the intratrachea pressure due to chest compression, and an overinflated cuff. However, the most important factor is considered to be the overinflated cuff, which is often caused by manual palpation. Therefore, emergency physicians should consider using a manometer to check the cuff pressure of the ETT, even during CPR. When spontaneous circulation is restored, the pressure of the cuff must be measured with a manometer.

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