Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 48-52

Analysis of the pattern of maxillofacial fractures in north western of Iran: A retrospective study

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Fractures, Tabriz School of Dentistry, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Tabriz, Iran
3 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Community Medicine, Tabriz School of medicine, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Hossein Mesgarzadeh
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Fractures, Tabriz School of Dentistry, Tabriz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.76837

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Background : Maxillofacial fractures can lead to substantial long-term functional, esthetic and psychological complications. Aim : The aim of this study is to evaluate these injuries in a Turkish Iranian population. Materials and Methods : A retrospective study of 170 patients with 210 maxillofacial fractures admitted to the emergency department of a central referral emergency hospital in the area over a 5 year period is presented. Patients' data included demographic information, etiology, site and associated injuries and complications. Results : Road traffic accident was the commonest cause (40%) and the age group of 21-30 comprised the biggest group (30%). Mandibular fractures outnumbered midface fractures (150vs.60). Ramus (21.5%) and zygoma (26.5%) were the commonest fracture regions respectively in mandible and midface. Male: female ratio was 3.8:1 Almost half of patients (46%) had sustained associated injuries most of which was soft tissue laceration of the face (17.5%). 22 patient (13%) had associated complication and the hemorrhage was the commonest form of that (9%). Conclusion : It seems that road traffic accidents continue to be the leading cause of maxillofacial fractures and there is an urgent need to implement enhanced regulations and monitoring on motor vehicular traffic.

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