Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock

SYMPOSIUM
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 233--243

Clinical pathology of the shock syndromes


Fabrizio Giuseppe Bonanno 
 Trauma Directorate, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Fabrizio Giuseppe Bonanno
Trauma Directorate, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, Johannesburg
South Africa

The clinical aspects of shock syndromes are described from their inception as compensated physiology to a stage of decompensation. The clinical significance of hypotension, fluid-responsive and non fluid-responsive hypotension, is discussed. Untimely or inadequate treatment leads to persistent subclinical shock despite adjustments of the macrohemodynamic variables, which evolves in a second hit of physiological deterioration if not aggressively managed. Irreversible shock ensues as consequence of direct hit or as result of inadequate or delayed treatment and is characterized by drug-resistant hypotension.


How to cite this article:
Bonanno FG. Clinical pathology of the shock syndromes.J Emerg Trauma Shock 2011;4:233-243


How to cite this URL:
Bonanno FG. Clinical pathology of the shock syndromes. J Emerg Trauma Shock [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Jun 17 ];4:233-243
Available from: http://www.onlinejets.org/article.asp?issn=0974-2700;year=2011;volume=4;issue=2;spage=233;epage=243;aulast=Bonanno;type=0