Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock

: 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 282--291

Bedside emergency cardiac ultrasound in children

Stephanie J Doniger 
 Department of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital & Research Center, Oakland 747, 52nd Street, Oakland CA 94609

Correspondence Address:
Stephanie J Doniger
Department of Emergency Medicine, Children«SQ»s Hospital & Research Center, Oakland 747, 52nd Street, Oakland CA 94609

Bedside emergency ultrasound has rapidly developed over the past several years and has now become part of the standard of care for several applications. While it has only recently been applied to critically ill pediatric patients, several of the well-established adult indications may be applied to pediatric patients. One of the most important and life-saving applications is bedside echocardiography. While bedside emergency ultrasonography does not serve to replace formal comprehensive studies, it serves as an extension of the physical examination. It is especially useful as a rapid and effective tool in the diagnosis of pericardial effusions, tamponade and in distinguishing potentially reversible causes of pulseless electrical activity from asystole. Most recently, left ventricular function and inferior vena cava measurements have proven helpful in the assessment of undifferentiated hypotension and shock in adults and children. Future research remains to be carried out in determining the efficacy of bedside ultrasonography in pediatric-specific pathology such as congenital heart disease. This article serves as a comprehensive review of the adult literature and a review of the recent applications in the pediatric emergency department. It also highlights the techniques of bedside ultrasonography with examples of normal and pathologic images.

How to cite this article:
Doniger SJ. Bedside emergency cardiac ultrasound in children.J Emerg Trauma Shock 2010;3:282-291

How to cite this URL:
Doniger SJ. Bedside emergency cardiac ultrasound in children. J Emerg Trauma Shock [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Jul 15 ];3:282-291
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