Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock

EVIDENCE BASED REVIEW
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--5

Use of antiemetics in children with acute gastroenteritis: Are they safe and effective?


Jacob Manteuffel 
 Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W. Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48201, USA

Correspondence Address:
Jacob Manteuffel
Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W. Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48201
USA

The use of antiemetics is a controversial topic in treatment of pediatric gastroenteritis. Although not recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, antiemetics are commonly prescribed by physicians. A review of the literature shows side effects of promethazine, prochlorperazine, and metoclopramide are common and potentially dangerous. Ondansetron has recently been studied as an adjunct to oral rehydration therapy in treatment of acute gastroenteritis with mild to moderate dehydration. Although studies are limited, early research suggests the medication is safe when used in a single dose and can be effective to prevent vomiting, the need for intravenous fluids, and hospital admission.


How to cite this article:
Manteuffel J. Use of antiemetics in children with acute gastroenteritis: Are they safe and effective?.J Emerg Trauma Shock 2009;2:3-5


How to cite this URL:
Manteuffel J. Use of antiemetics in children with acute gastroenteritis: Are they safe and effective?. J Emerg Trauma Shock [serial online] 2009 [cited 2020 Jul 2 ];2:3-5
Available from: http://www.onlinejets.org/article.asp?issn=0974-2700;year=2009;volume=2;issue=1;spage=3;epage=5;aulast=Manteuffel;type=0