Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 197-204

Functional outcomes in moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury survivors


1 Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery Section, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
2 Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery Section, Clinical Research, Hamad General Hospital; Clinical Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical School, Doha, Qatar
3 Qatar Rehabilitation Institute, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
4 Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery Section, Clinical Research, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ayman El-Menyar
Weill Cornell Medical College, Doha
Qatar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JETS.JETS_6_18

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Introduction: We aimed to analyze the functional outcomes based on the admission characteristics in individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) over a 5-year period. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to assess the cognitive, physical, and functional outcomes based on traditional and novel metrics used in potential outcome prediction. Results: A total of 201 participants were enrolled with a mean age of 31.9 ± 11.9 years. Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) at emergency department did not correlate with the functional independence measure (FIM) score or Ranchos Los Amigos (RLA) scores at discharge. The absolute functional gain was significantly higher in individuals who sustained TBI with RLA 4–5 (34.7 ± 18.8 vs. 26.5 ± 15.9, P = 0.006). Participants with RLA 4–5 on admission to rehabilitation showed good correlation with the absolute FIM gain. On multivariate regression analysis, only age (odds ratio 0.96; 95% confidence interval: 0.93–0.98; P = 0.005) was found to be the independent predictor of good functional outcome. Conclusions: Initial GCS is not a predictor of functional outcome in individuals who sustained TBI. Consideration of age and development of novel functional measures might be promising to predict the outcomes in individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI.


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