Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 327-331

PTSD in post-road traffic accident patients requiring hospitalization in Indian subcontinent: A review on magnitude of the problem and management guidelines


1 Department of Preventive Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
2 Department of Psychiatry, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
3 Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA
4 Department of Emergency Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Emergency Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India; Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul Kashyap
Department of Emergency Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India; Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.142775

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Traumatic events after a road traffic accident (RTA) can be physical and/or psychological. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the major psychological conditions which affect accident victims. Psychological issues may not be addressed in the emergency department(ED) immediately. There have been reports about a mismatch between the timely referrals from ED to occupational or primary care services for these issues. If left untreated, there may be adverse effects on quality of life (QOL) and work productivity. Hospital expenses, loss of income, and loss of work could create a never ending cycle for financial difficulties and burden in trauma victims. The aim of our review is to address the magnitude of PTSD in post-RTA hospitalized patients in Indian subcontinent population. We also attempted to emphasis on few management guidelines. A comprehensive search was conducted on major databases with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term 'PTSD or post-traumatic stress' and Emergency department and vehicle or road or highway or automobile or car or truck or trauma and India. Out of 120 studies, a total of six studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Our interpretation of the problem is that; hospital expenditure due to trauma, time away from work during hospitalization, and reduction in work performance, are three major hits that can lead RTA victims to financial crisis. Proposed management guidelines are; establish a coordinated triage, implementing a screening tool in the ED, and provide psychological counseling.


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