Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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 Table of Contents    
LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-134
Frequent emergency department visits and parents/guardians' level of awareness of asthma in the pediatric population


1 College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Adbdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Adbdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

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Date of Web Publication16-Apr-2014
 

How to cite this article:
Al-Anazi A, Al Moamary M, Ismaeil T, Alanazi AN, Olayan LH, Alanazi AM, Noarh HY, Qureshi S. Frequent emergency department visits and parents/guardians' level of awareness of asthma in the pediatric population. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2014;7:133-4

How to cite this URL:
Al-Anazi A, Al Moamary M, Ismaeil T, Alanazi AN, Olayan LH, Alanazi AM, Noarh HY, Qureshi S. Frequent emergency department visits and parents/guardians' level of awareness of asthma in the pediatric population. J Emerg Trauma Shock [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Jul 11];7:133-4. Available from: http://www.onlinejets.org/text.asp?2014/7/2/133/130895


Dear Editor,

Childhood asthma is a leading health problem that reasons for vast hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality throughout the world. [1] Literature reports focus on family management of this disease. [2] Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of parents/guardians about the disease. In this study, Likert scale questionnaire consisting of 90 questions was served to the parents/guardians accompanying the patients to the Emergency Department (ED) of our University. The correlations between ED admissions and the level of knowledge of the parents/guardians were investigated. Pearson correlation was calculated between the admission frequency and the awareness as a measure of being "aware" or "not aware". The scores were correlated with the number of ED visits by asthmatic children (r = -0.239, P = 0.046). Our sample included 90 participants. The percentage of illiteracy among the respondents was 12.2. For 70 participants, we calculated Pearson correlation between parents/guardians' awareness and the admission frequency and the analysis showed a negative correlation of (-0.239, P = 0.046) between the two variables. The questions were classified into three categories as per the original article. [3] The first category constituted seven questions on knowledge of the use of inhalers. [4] The second category constituted six questions, on the etiological factors and the need for hospitalization and use of medicines. [5] The third category constituted four questions; on the participation of asthmatic children in exercise, sports, and smoking at home. [6] Each category was scored separately and then the sum of all categories was calculated. Taken together, negative association was found between the ED visits and the total score of the categories. Nevertheless, the inconclusive results obtained in this study might be related to the small sample size. We recommend further studies to be conducted on a larger sample size.

 
   References Top

1.Asher MI. Recent perspectives on global epidemiology of asthma in childhood. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2010;38:83-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.Zhao J. National Parents of Asthmatic Children KAP Project Team. Asthma control status in children and related factors in 29 cities of China. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2013;51:90-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.Rodriguez Martinez C, Sossa MP. Validation of an asthma knowledge questionnaire for use in parents or guardians of children with asthma. Arch Bronconeurmol 2005;41:419-24.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Chiang LC, Huang JL, Yeh KW, Lu CM. Effects of a self-management asthma educational program in Taiwan based on Precede-Proceed model for parents with asthmatic children. J Asthma 2004;41:205-15.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Stanford R, McLaughlin T, Okamoto LJ. The cost of asthma in the emergency department and hospital. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999;160:211-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Eggleston PA, Malveaux FJ, Butz AM, Huss K, Thompson L, Kolodner K, et al. Medications used by children with asthma living in the inner city. Pediatrics 1998;101(3 Pt 1):349-54.  Back to cited text no. 6
    

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Correspondence Address:
Abdullah Al-Anazi
College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Adbdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.130895

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