Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 483-487

Evaluating a conservative approach to managing liver injuries in Kashmir, India


1 Department of General Surgery, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar, India
2 Department of CVTS, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar, India
3 Department of Plastic Surgery, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar, India
4 Department of Radiology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar, India

Correspondence Address:
Mohd Lateef Wani
Department of CVTS, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Soura, Srinagar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.86635

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Aim : There has been a steep rise in incidence of liver injury in the past few years because of increase in incidence of road traffic accidents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of non-operative management of liver injury due to blunt abdominal trauma. Materials and Methods : All patients with liver injury from blunt trauma abdomen were studied between January 2000 and January 2010. A total of 152 patients with liver injury were put on conservative management. Hundred and three (67.77%) patients were males and 49 (32.23%) were females with an age range of 15-60 years (32.8 years). Most of the injuries were because of road traffic accidents (81.57%). Liver injuries were graded according to Moore's classification using computed tomography. Patients with Grade V and VI were excluded from the study. Patients who were unstable hemodynamically on admission were also excluded from the study. Results : There was no mortality in our series. Eight patients needed exploration because they developed hemodynamic instability. Four of the patient developed post-operative liver abscess which was treated conservatively. Conclusion : Non-operative management of liver injury due to blunt trauma abdomen is a safe, effective and treatment modality of choice in hemodynamically stable Moore's grade I to Grade IV injury.


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