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SYMPOSIUM ON CRITICAL CARDIAC CARE IN CHILDREN
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 267-272

Cardiac arrest in children


University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Departments of Pediatrics and Critical Care Medicine, 3434 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 152 60, USA

Correspondence Address:
Erika E Tress
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Departments of Pediatrics and Critical Care Medicine, 3434 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 152 60
USA
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Source of Support: NIH K 08HD58798 (MDM) and Children’s Hospital of pittsburgh Research Grant (MDM)., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.66528

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Major advances in the field of pediatric cardiac arrest (CA) were made during the last decade, starting with the publication of pediatric Utstein guidelines, the 2005 recommendations by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, and culminating in multicenter collaborations. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of in-hospital and out-of-hospital CA are now well described. Four phases of CA are described and the term "post-cardiac arrest syndrome" has been proposed, along with treatment goals for each of its four phases: immediate post-arrest, early post-arrest, intermediate and recovery phase. Hypothermia is recommended to be considered as a therapy for post-CA syndrome in comatose patients after CA, and large multicenter prospective studies are underway. We reviewed landmark articles related to pediatric CA published during the last decade. We present the current knowledge of epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment of CA relevant to pre-hospital and acute care health practitioners.


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