Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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CASE SERIES
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-45

Cutaneous absorption of Oleander: Fact or fiction


Vinayaka Mission University Hospitals, Salem, TamilNadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S Senthilkumaran
Vinayaka Mission University Hospitals, Salem, TamilNadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2700.44682

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Cardiac conduction disorders following oral ingestion of Oleander plant materials were documented earlier. Transcutaneous absorption of yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana) leaf extract applied over non intact skin (raw wound) resulting in reversible cardiac conduction disorder observed in four healthy males who were free from any other systemic or electrolyte or metabolic disorders or exposure to pesticide or toxins is reported for the first time. Their hematological, biochemical, clinical, and echocardiogram status were within normal limits and free of any abnormalities. One among the four, presented for weakness and breathlessness (class II). He had bradycardia with Mobitz II block and hypotension without any other demonstrable localizing signs. The other three were identified in the community and without any symptoms. However, their ECG revealed bradycardia with Mobitz I block in two and complete heart block in the other. All of the four recovered well without any untoward events. Hence, it is suggested that physicians and practitioners have to elicit history and route of administration of unconventional therapy, whenever they are confronted with clinical challenges and during medical emergencies before embarking final decision.


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